An eruption of protests and violence — molotov cocktails and gunfire — in the streets of Manila, launched the heady, charged days of January to March 1970. The paroxysm that opened the decade came to be known as the First...
Prevented from gathering in Miranda, the mass dissent turned to marches, but by the end of its third month, with no clear political goal, the storm blew itself out.
Mass social outrage began to take organized political form, as protestors repeatedly gathered en masse at Plaza Miranda over the course of February 1970 for a series of “People’s Congresses.”
January 31 witnessed the bloody nightlong battle, fought with molotov cocktails and gunfire, for control of Mendiola.
The brutal police crackdown on the protests staged outside the legislature during Marcos’ State of the Nation address set off the social upheaval of the First Quarter Storm.