Mass social outrage began to take organized political form, as protestors repeatedly gathered en masse at Plaza Miranda over the course of February 1970 for a series of “People’s Congresses.”
January 31 witnessed the bloody nightlong battle, fought with molotov cocktails and gunfire, for control of Mendiola.
The brutal police crackdown on the protests staged outside the legislature during Marcos’ State of the Nation address set off the social upheaval of the First Quarter Storm.
Fifty years ago this month an eruption of protests and violence in the streets of Manila, launched the heady, charged days of January to March 1970, a period that came to be known as the First Quarter Storm.
Among the criticisms which I raised regarding Ileto's account was the deeply problematic character of the class categories he employed.