1969 opened with an explosion of student strikes in Manila, a bellwether of the brief, heady epoch of storm and dictatorship that followed.
In the final analysis, Marasigan’s argument amounts to the claim that Joseph Stalin was right, and the CPP is correct in continuing his political legacy.
An eruption of protests and violence — molotov cocktails and gunfire — in the streets of Manila, launched the heady, charged days of January to March 1970.
Prevented from gathering in Miranda, the mass dissent turned to marches, but by the end of its third month, with no clear political goal, the storm blew itself out.
Mass social outrage began to take organized political form, as protestors repeatedly gathered en masse at Plaza Miranda over the course of February 1970 for a series of “People’s Congresses.”